Industrial units dealing with fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, paper, chemical, petroleum and cement are being setup along the coast. Most of these industries need guidance and advice for identifying suitable areas and modes to discharge their treated effluent into the sea such that the impact on the environment is minimal. Power plants look for appropriate sites in their vicinity to draw large quantities of seawater to serve as coolant. Other developmental activities such as the expansion of ports and harbours, deepening of navigational channels and construction of offshore facilities require an assessment of their potential environmental impact.
Apart from carrying out the research work, NIO provides services to various organizations in solving ocean related problems and assists in carrying out the work in the marine environment through sponsored or consultancy projects. NIO scientists as per the project requirement collect data on physical, chemical, biological, geological and engineering aspects through field measurements using moored/drifting buoys and research vessels. We also utilize the data transmitted by a number of satellites equipped with oceanographic sensors. These data are analyzed and interpreted along with outputs of numerical models to understand various coastal and oceanic processes and their roles on the marine environment due to industrial activities.
Environmental Impact Assessment and environmental monitoring
NIO carries out Environmental Impact Assessment for developmental projects in the marine area as per MoEF notification dated September 2006 (http://envfor.nic.in/).
The EIA report will contain the following information.
Evaluation of design parameters for coastal & offshore facilities
Planning, design and operation of coastal and offshore facilities require information on environmental parameters. Since the environment is stochastic in nature, design parameters to support engineering activities need to be evaluated using probabilistic methods based on long-term site-specific data.
Major environmental parameters, which influence the design/operation/ maintenance of marine facilities are waves, currents, wind, tides, engineering properties of seabed sediments and sediment transport.
Evaluation of engineering design parameters requires long-term site specific data. Facilities and capabilities to collect long-term site specific environmental data and evaluation of engineering design parameters are available at NIO.
Bathymetry, seabed Engineering, CRZ demarcation
NIO conducts Bathymetry, Seabed Engineering and CRZ demarcation surveys for offshore industry developmental projects with international standards. Final report submitted to the offshore industry is based on following methodology applied during field data acquisition:
Oil spill risk analysis and preparation of contingency plan
The facilities where crude oil and products are stored and handled have the potential for oil spill. The study will cover the following aspects.
Expertise available in under water exploration
For further details contact: