News & Events
Current News & Upcoming Events
NIO in Press
INSA annual general meeting begins at NIO
A three day long 73rd annual general meeting of Indian National Science Academy (INSA) began today (21 December) at the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa with a seminar on Climate change and its implications to India. Dr RA Mashelkar, the President of INSA welcomed the delegates and Dr Shetye, Director of NIO introduced the seminar. The seminar consisted of seven lectures from eminent scientists. Prof Victor Smetacek, a scientist of Indian origin settled in Germany (Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany) presented an idea on how the trend of climate change could be reversed. He described the experiment of fertilization of the Southern Ocean with iron to sequester about a third of the current increase in atmospheric CO2. He also highlighted NIO's participation in this experiment in near future.
In an another lecture, Dr AK Singvi (PRL, Ahmedabad) highlighted usefulness of luminescence dating and indicated that the same has emerged as a powerful alternative to all other numerical dating methods including the radiocarbon dating to track the paleoclimate. Dr Anil Kulkarni (Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad) reviewed the observations of climatic change on the Himalayan glaciers and seasonal snow. The glacial retreat due to lack of formation of new ice, early melting of seasonal snow cover and increase in stream runoff during winter, according to him, all suggests an influence of climate change on the Himalayan cryosphere. In an another study, Dr BN Goswami (Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune) indicated that the Indian monsoon is influenced by the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) of North Atlantic. Past climatic records have indicated the droughts for decades are noticed in India when the North Atlantic SST is reduced. In the event of climatic change, if the Arctic ice melts and flows into the North Atlantic, there is likely that the Indian monsoon would expect a mega-drought. But according to the studies he feels that this would start showing effects only after 60-70 years. Dr J Srinivasan (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) compared the predictions made by different models and provided the reasons for no agreements between them.
The lectures in evening Prof A Vaidyanathan (Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram) highlighted importance of need to improve our knowledge about the water in the background of climate change and its sustainability & effective use. He appealed the participants that this is a area of collaborative research and needs not only scientists from scientific disciplines but even from social sciences. In the last presentation of the day, Dr VS Arunachalam (Centre for Study of Science, Technology and Policy, Bangalore) discussed on various challenges and opportunities in the world of energy that are sustainable and environmentally acceptable. He stressed the importance of electric power and suggested for India to improve its generation capacity by 1200 MW per month, for every month.
The lectures would on various other issues would continue tomorrow and a day after. On the forenoon of 22 December, they would be on a variety of topics from chemical sciences to agricultural sciences. These are open to public. Please see the programme for more details.
NIO, Dona Paula-Goa, 403 004, India. EPABX:+91(0)832-2450450; Fax:+91(0)832-2450602, -2450603; e-mail:email@example.com