Ecobiogeography and biotechnology of estuaries and coastal waters of India. (Project No. OLP1210)
Forecasting the health of Cochin backwaters using appropriate model studies
Study of different biogeochemical processes in Cochin estuary and adjoining coastal marine regions.
Studies on microbial ecology of Indian estuaries /coastal waters.
Marine microbial biotechnology – delivering useful products for the society.
Environment impact assessment studies - contribution to society and advisories to industry.
(a & b) Ecological modelling & biogeochemical studies
Physico-chemical characteristics of the Cochin backwaters (CB).
Influence of river discharge on the hydrography of the estuary (circulation, mixing, stratification and flushing).
Geospatial analysis of long term morphological changes
Impact of morphological changes in estuarine tidal dynamics
The impact of anthropogenic activities on the water quality of the estuary.
Sedimentological and geochemical studies of estuarine and coastal sediments (metal content, speciation, bioavailability)
Studies on the dynamics of phosphorous load as an environmental indicator to assess the anthropogenic disturbance
Quantification of input/export fluxes of suspended sediments / nutrients in CB.
Oxygen saturation and degradation of organic matter in the estuary.
Identification of regions of oxygen deficiency and prediction of the health of estuary.
Assessment of phytoplankton community structure and chemotaxonomy.
Quantification of size fractionated phytoplankton stock.
Studies on the estuarine plankton food web.
Role of detritus as a carbon source for zooplankton.
Laboratory experiments for growth and grazing measurements.
Benthic community and flux studies.
Characterization of sediment organic constituents.
Production-respiration relationship in the Cochin backwaters.
Generation of data, empirical/stochastic model for sediment transport
Stochastic modelling spatial and temporal patterns in flow and sediment transport and storage in the Cochin backwater (for institutional funding)
Characterize the dissolved oxygen saturation and organic loading into the estuary using the hydrodynamic model
Forecast the health of the ecosystem
Resilience, vulnerability and degradation of coral reefs in the Gulf of Mannar
(c) Microbial ecology:
Effect of anthropogenic inputs on diversity and ecophysiology of bacteria and Achaea.
The role of marine viruses of bacteria and phytoplankton in food webs and to quantify different viral groups.
Interactions among bacteria, virus and heterotrophic nano flagellates (HNF).
Molecular investigations on the diversity of heterotrophic bacteria
Barcoding of marine microorganisms and maintenance of Marine Microbial Reference Facility (MMRF)
Community Structure and Functional Diversity of Photosynthetic Bacteria from Estuary and Coastal ecosystemss: Molecular and Culturable Approach
Assessment of the phage biodiversity and biogeography in the coastal environs of India
Marine fouling community dynamics
Single cell separation and functional ecology of uncultured microorganisms from marine environment
Cellular and molecular basis of cyanobacteria-heterotrophic bacteria/virus association and sponge-microbe interactions
Diversity and dynamics of bacterial community in coral reefs
(d) Marine biotechnology
Novel antibacterial / anticancer compounds from microorganisms
Green syntheses of silver and gold nanoparticles and development of application protocols in nuclear targeted photo-thermal therapy of cancer
New Natural Product Antifoulants (NPAs) from the Indian EEZ
(e) Environmental Impact assessment studies along the coastal zones of India for industry driven growth processes
Scientific components and achievements: